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Gopal Subramanium

Head of Chambers

Chambers of Gopal Subramanium

London, UK

Gopal Subramanium
Mark Stroyan
Manchester Square Partners
John Sunnucks
Vico Partners Limited

Gopal Subramanium’s Biography

Gopal Subramanium is a Senior Advocate who practises at the Supreme Court of India, former Solicitor General of India, and a noted scholar on legal philosophy, constitutional law and human rights theory.

Having trained under former Attorney General Soli Sorabjee, Mr. Subramanium was designated a Senior Advocate (the equivalent of a QC in the UK) by the Supreme Court in 1993, where he developed a reputation for his rigorous style. He has acted in numerous cases that have shaped legislative principles on privacy, human rights and freedom of speech internationally.

He successfully defended the conviction of the sole surviving terrorist of the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks; acted for petitioners in a historic case that held there is a fundamental constitutional right to privacy in India; and, in 2013, served on the JS Verma Commission, which recommended amendments to Indian laws to safeguard the safety and dignity of women and children.

Having built a name as a leading international commercial arbitrator, in 2013, he set up a UK office and was appointed an Associate Member at 3 Verulam Buildings. In 2015, he was appointed a Supplementary Judge at the Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Tribunal. In 2020, he became the first Indian Senior Advocate to appear before the Singapore Court of Appeal.

Outside of law, he is noted for his work within legal philosophy, writing on democracy, social inequality, civic education and the applicability of psychology to legal concepts. In 2019, he was elected to the Foundation Fellowship at Somerville College, University of Oxford, and he is a Visiting Professor at the University of New Delhi and an Honorary Adjunct Professor at Jindal Global Law School.

A Classical Music Patron at Southbank Centre, he is an Ambassador of mental health charity SANE, a Fellow of the RSA, and Honorary Director of the All India Heart Foundation, the leading cardiac charity. In 2021, he was called to the Bar of England and Wales at Gray's Inn.

Gopal Subramanium’s Newsfeed

The Times
‘Privacy defines our core as humans and allows us to develop and write the script of our life’

In a conversation with The Times, Senior Advocate, Gopal Subramanium, talks about his life as a lawyer and the cases he has been involved with.

Breaking: Delhi High Court Directs Status Quo To Be Maintained On Reliance-FRL Stake Sale Deal On Am

Senior Advocate, Gopal Subramanium is mentioned in an article written by LiveLaw regarding the recent case between Amazon Inc, who he represented, and Future Retail Ltd (FRL).

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Gopal Subramanium’s Background

Chambers of Gopal Subramanium logo Chambers of Gopal Subramanium logo
Chambers of Gopal Subramanium
Head of Chambers
1993 - 2019
New Delhi, IN
Head of the leading New Delhi chambers, Mr. Subramanium is a Senior Advocate who regularly appears at the Supreme Court of India and the High Court of Delhi. He continues to act as lead counsel in several path-breaking matters. He has acted as counsel for companies such as Novartis, Amazon, and Google, and appeared as lead counsel for corporates in ICC and domestic arbitrations.
Government of India
Solicitor General
Jun 2009 - Jul 2011
New Delhi, IN
The Solicitor General is responsible for providing the Government of India with legal advice and appearing in the Supreme Court or in any High Court on behalf of the Government of India. During his tenure as a law officer, he was honoured with the National Law Day Award for Outstanding Jurist, presented to him in 2009 by the President of India.
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Other Business Interests

Qatar International Court and Dispute Resolution Centre
Supplementary Judge
2015 - Present
Doha, QA
Qatar International Court and Dispute Resolution Centre is a specialist civil and commercial court which was designed to have international standards in dispute resolution.
3 Verulam Buildings
Associate Member & Arbitrator
2013 - Present
London, UK
3 Verulam Buildings is one of the UK’s principle sets of barristers’ chambers, with over 70 members, which specialise in a broad range of commercial law. It prides itself on its professional experience and the excellent opportunities provided to all tenants building leading commercial practices.

Previous Board Positions

The Bar Council of India logo The Bar Council of India logo
The Bar Council of India
2010 - 2011
New Delhi, IN
The Bar Council of India was established in 1961 by Parliament under the Advocates Act. It is a statutory body which represents and regulates the Indian bar by prescribing standards of professional etiquette and conduct by exercising disciplinary jurisdiction.


The Subramanium Study Centre
2020 - Present
The Subramanium Study Centre is a centre for interdisciplinary collaboration and research into mental health. Founded and launched in September 2020, a key focus of the Centre's work is to provide a better framework for understanding the interconnection between mental health, physical health and other health conditions.
2019 - Present
London, UK
SANE is a leading UK mental health charity improving quality of life for anyone affected by mental illness, including family, friends and carers. It hosts clinical, medical and psychiatric research into mental health and well-being at The Prince of Wales International Centre for SANE Research.
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The Honourable Society Gray's Inn
Honorary Master of the Bench
2018 - Present
London, UK
The Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London, which exists to support, educate and train barristers in England and Wales. For over six hundred years, generations of Members have perfected their craft by standing up for justice and truth with fierce independence.

Academic Appointments

Somerville College
Foundation Fellow
2019 - Present
Oxford, UK
Somerville College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford. Founded in 1879 to include the excluded, it was created for women when universities denied them entry, and for people with diverse beliefs. It is now a College for women and men and remains true to those founding principles.
Jindal Global University logo Jindal Global University logo
Jindal Global University
Honorary Adjunct Law Professor
2015 - Present
Sonipat, IN
JGU is a research-intensive university, which is deeply committed to its core institutional values of interdisciplinarity and innovative pedagogy; pluralism and rigorous scholarship; and globalism and international engagement. It appoints faculty members from India and different parts of the world with outstanding academic qualifications and experience.
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Gopal Subramanium’s Education

University of Delhi logo University of Delhi logo
University of Delhi
Law Degree
1977 - 1980

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